How to Identify Antique Wooden Furniture

There it was! The Federal period Hepplewhite dressing table of my wife’s dreams. We only had about 12, miles, mostly by foot, invested in the search but finally we had found it. It was exactly the right size: 40″ wide, 31″ high, 20″ deep. Color was excellent, the patina warm and glowing. The sale was virtually completed before we cleared the shop’s doorway. All that remained was a “diligent examination” carried out more to let the seller know he was dealing with a “pro” rather than find problems with this obviously prime specimen. What could possibly be wrong?

How to Determine the Age of Antique Furniture

For the last few thousand years it can have a precision of a few decades and may, in certain circumstances, be comparable with tree-ring dates. The laboratory at Cambridge here in England was among the first six to be set up anywhere in the world. There are now several radiocarbon dating laboratories in Britain including those at Belfast, Cambridge, East Kilbride, Oxford and Swansea, as well as a commercial unit near Harwell.

Radiocarbon dating is based on the element carbon, the basis of all life on earth. The atoms of this element are of three different types or ‘isotopes’.

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When building a strong structure or a piece of furniture, the joints you use matter. One of the most common and strongest joints is a mortise and tenon joint, an extremely old woodworking technique that has stood the test of time and is still used today. In its most basic form, a mortise and tenon joint is simple, extremely strong, and the technique can be scaled up or down in size with great success. There are many variations of the mortise and tenon joint, but the basic joint comprises two components:.

The tenon, formed on the end of a member generally referred to as a rail, fits into a square or rectangular hole cut into the other, corresponding member. The tenon is cut to fit the mortise hole exactly. It usually has shoulders that seat when the joint fully enters the mortise hole. The joint may be glued, pinned, or wedged to lock it in place. The mortise and tenon is an ancient joint dating back 7, years.

Dating wood joints. What joint is thi?

Half lap joint This type of wood joint is different from the previous wood joints because while most wood joints are used to connect the ends of different wood boards, the is used to connect middle parts of different wood boards. The screen is delicately decorated with fine tracery, but the carving is rough compared to later work. This is one that I put in my saved group. A common element of the English tying joint. Today newer products and techniques have also developed. Knapp did was to question the form of the dovetail and opted for an entirely new design.

dated dendroarchaeological information from four wooden water wells were either cogged or interlocked at their corner joints (Figure S17).

If done well, it can create a stable piece. There is a great explanation of furniture joinery here , but we wanted to give you a quick rundown of what to look for and what to avoid. Keep reading to find out more about joinery and check out our selection of gorgeous wood furniture here. This provides an extra boost of stability in case the initial joint ever loosens up.

Joinery is only one of the things you should look for when shopping for wood furniture. Check out our other blogs on wood types , veneers , and finishes to get a complete picture. Like what you read? Thanks for the information non joinery. My wife and I are going to have new joints put in our kitchen, and we are trying to decide on a material. I like that you mentioned that a box joint is a good way to connect wood because you can see the joints. That could provide a cool and interesting look to the wood.

Mortise and tenon

When you want to refinish old wooden furniture, the best place to look is the family storeroom: Check the attic, basement, garage, or wherever unwanted furniture has collected. You may also discover a real antique or two — pieces handed down through the family for generations. Other good sources are secondhand stores, household auctions, and garage sales. With furniture, as with anything else, one person’s junk is another another’s treasure.

Handcrafted Wood Furnishings and FurnitureWhen purchasing wood furniture, The mortise and tenon joint has been used for thousands of years. examples of the dovetail joint are in furniture entombed with mummies dating from First.

A dovetails glue is added to cement the connection. A well-crafted dovetail will last dovetailing centuries. The first dovetails, dovetailing used on early walnut furniture, were fairly dovetail and crude. Joints cabinet makers refined dating skills the joints became smaller and neater. Look at the joints on the drawer of this Its dressing table for example. A fine join dovetail a signature for killed craftsman. As well as acting as a guide in dating our furniture, the dovetail can also tell us lots about the origin of the piece.

Continental furniture is dating for having much cruder, dovetails dovetails; the tails are dovetail a much steeper angle. Simpler country its also often had larger dovetails, or even a single tail and pin. Next Post Next What is Rosewood? A fine dovetailing became a signature for killed craftsman As well dovetailing acting as a guide in dating our furniture, the dovetail can also tell us lots about the origin of the piece.

Knapp Joint

This type of joint is also known as pin-and-cove or half moon. This type of joint is very strong and can be constructed with the use of machinery which means production on a mass scale was possible in a factory setting. The Knapp joint, patented by Charles Knapp of Waterloo, WI in , was a huge advance for the furniture industry because it could be made quickly by machines called routers, which could create circular cuts in wood.

This meant that a the furniture factory could produce quality construction at a faster rate than shops that still relied on hand tools. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account.

Learn How to Date Your Antiques With a Few of These Simple Tips Once glued​, a wooden dovetail joint requires no mechanical fasteners.

PHONE: This is a big topic to tackle and it will not be possible to cover many details in this short column. To determine age, consider the form and function, tool marks, construction techniques, and materials used in the furniture. Note the style. Check for evidence of age. Is it a coffee table or king-size bed? Murphy beds? They appeared in the s.

Dating Furniture

Wood joint A joint formed by two boards, timbers, or sheets of wood that are held together by nails, fasteners, pegs, or glue. A joint formed by two boards, timbers, or sheets of wood that are held together by nails, fasteners, pegs, or the like. For specific types of wood joints, see broken joint , butt joint , cogged joint , dado joint , dovetail joint , extruded joint , finger joint , half-dovetail , half-lap joint , hewn-and-peg joint , housed joint , mortise-and-tenon joint , rabbet joint , scarf joint , shiplap joint , spalled joint , spline joint , straight joint , tongue-and-groove joint.

Mentioned in? References in periodicals archive?

When tails and pins of a hand cut dovetail joint are different sizes with large tails (​Figs. Later veneers were sliced by a blade off rotating cylinders of wood.

Dovetails are interlocking carved wood joints used in cabinetry to connect two pieces of wood — drawer fronts and sides, cabinet or cupboard corners. The technique produces a sturdy, long-lasting connection. Examining these joints helps determine the age of old furniture. It’s called a “dovetail” joint because the flat-bottomed triangular shape of the wood insert looks like a dove’s tail.

Whether that tail is fat, skinny, symmetrical or used sparingly reveals a clue to the origins of the piece. Egyptian pharaohs were buried with fine furnishings and chests of valuables and rare spices to accompany them to the afterlife. Boxy shapes with joined wood angles were connected by dovetailing, a fact that contributed to the intact state of the grave goods when the pyramids and burial chambers were excavated. The massive horizontal stone lintels at Stonehenge were connected by dovetailing, more rounded than triangular.

A 17th-century Chinese canopy bed at the Victoria and Albert Museum is held together with dovetailing.

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The invention relates to an assembly comprising two jigs which can be used to produce a dovetail mortise and tenon in order to assemble members of a frame. This present invention concerns a device or arrangement, an assembly or a kit, that includes jigs employed for the execution of dovetail mortise and tenon joints, intended for assembling the parts of timber beams. In the area of roof timbers, the assemblies usually employed consist of straight mortise and tenon joints.

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Permanent settlement structures and agricultural production systems required fundamental innovations in technology, subsistence, and resource utilization. Motivation, course, and timing of this transformation, however, remain debatable. Here we present annually resolved and absolutely dated dendroarchaeological information from four wooden water wells of the early Neolithic period that were excavated in Eastern Germany.

A total of oak timbers preserved in a waterlogged environment were dated between and BC and reveal unexpectedly refined carpentry skills. The timbered well constructions made of old oak trees feature an unopened tree-ring archive from which annually resolved and absolutely dated environmental data can be culled. Our results question the principle of continuous evolutionary development in prehistoric technology, and contradict the common belief that metal was necessary for complex timber constructions.

Early Neolithic craftsmanship now suggests that the first farmers were also the first carpenters.

Furniture – Tool Marks and Altered Joints Confuse Age

Shigeru Ban was born in Tokyo on August 5, Ban attended Tokyo University of the Arts to focus on studying architecture where he learned structural modeling using paper, wood, and bamboo. In Ban searched for a school from which he could transfer and decided to attend the Southern California Institute of Architecture. In , Ban started his own practice in Tokyo without any work experience.

The mortise and tenon is an ancient joint dating back 7, years. with mortise and tenon joints, without using fasteners or glues, enabling the wood to expand.

When purchasing new residential or commercial wood furniture, wood gates, wood doors, cabinets, windows, or other wood or hand carved elements, you should always question the product values, not just the pretty designs. It is our experience when most people are shopping for wood furnishings they seldom ask the “right” questions – resulting in poor choices and loss of investment.

All high quality, hand made, solid wood products are never pre-made fast process glued, stapled, veneers or mystery wood and made to fit in a box for easy shipping. Hand crafted wood furniture and furnishings are built to last forever, always getting better and gaining value with time, and require little to no maintenance like any fine, investment quality, collectible antique. Most fast process companies keep you focused on the design, color, and cheaper price – not the merits of how it’s made – because the facts disclosed on these fast-process particle board and veneer spray finished products will not get your business.

Most “slick operators” of these fast production companies try to compare their “design” to our high quality – solid handmade in America, solid wood, real stone, epidermis hide American-tanned fine leathers or real hand-forged by master blacksmiths – custom products in hope of dazzling you with the similarity of their fast-process, fake, designed to fit in the box, low quality, cheap furniture or composite doors.

Keep in mind, if you’re not comparing apples to “same” apples, you’re not getting a bargain – you’re being fooled. Examples of verbiage used by big-name “fake” furniture sellers or “Slick Operators” – taken word-for-word from their advertisements:. Fancy name II draws its inspiration from its namesake city that sits on the majestic and romantic Mediterranean Sea; drawing individuals from all over the world to appreciate its consistent climate and historical architecture. The family of furniture comes finished in elegant Silver Pearl which is a lot of flowery nonsense to explain a cheap, fast sprayed on fake finish to allow Fancy Name to fit into any decor here they are using diversion tactics to get you away from asking the real questions, such as what’s the warranty, how it’s really made, what it’s made from, where was it made, or who made it.

We challenge any of these big brand name furniture companies – we all used to be able to trust – to dispute our claims. If you can prove us wrong, we will publish it for all to see. If educated with the solid, proven, indisputable information necessary to know the difference between the fake and faux, they will – armed with these facts – choose ArtFactory.

Japanese wood joints: CIDORI

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